Tutorials

Title: Tutorial on Ethics in AI and human-machine interaction


Duration: 3 hours, Monday October 18

9am-1pm (EST); 3pm-7pm (CEST); 9pm-1am (Beijing)


Description:

Modern AI systems based on Machine Learning techniques process data to make prediction and decisions. They have become of widespread use in almost all sectors, embedded in systems such as interactive agents, e.g., chatbots or robots, or used as standalone systems, e.g. for visual recognition or language processing. They enhance the possibilities of human-machine interaction. Specific technologies, such as GPT transform the way natural language is used, by generating text that appear to be produced by humans. Extended reality (XR) techniques enable seamless interactions with virtual or real environments. The domains of interactive agents and social robotics are profoundly impacted by such advances.


However, these technologies, by contributing to enhance human-machine or human-human interactions also raise ethical questions. The very methods on which current machine learning techniques are based, are opaque, prone to bias and may produce very wrong answers. Interaction with machines which have an increasingly human likeness may lead to confusions on the nature of these machines. The tutorial will introduce and discuss ethical and societal issues that are raised by these systems and discuss guidelines and possible regulations that could frame their development and use.


Speakers:

Raja Chatila

Raja Chatila, Professor Emeritus, Sorbonne University, Paris

Bio. Raja Chatila is Professor Emeritus at Sorbonne University in Paris. He is former director of the SMART Laboratory of Excellence on Human-Machine Interactions and of the Institute of Intelligent Systems and Robotics. He contributes in several areas of Artificial Intelligence and autonomous and interactive Robotics as well as in ethics of information technologies and is author of about 170 publications. He is chair of The IEEE Global Initiative on Ethics of Autonomous and Intelligent Systems, co-chair of the Responsible AI Working group of the Global Partnership in AI and co- chair of the World Economic Forum’s Global Future Council on AI for Humanity. He is an IEEE Fellow and recipient of the IEEE Robotics and Automation Society Pioneer Award.


Mohamed Chetouani

Mohamed Chetouani, Professor, Sorbonne University, Paris

Bio. Prof. Mohamed Chetouani is currently a Full Professor in signal processing and machine learning for human-machine interaction He is affiliated to the PIRoS (Perception, Interaction et Robotique Sociales) research team at the Institute for Intelligent Systems and Robotics (CNRS UMR 7222), Sorbonne University (formerly Pierre and Marie Curie University). His activities cover social signal processing, social robotics and interactive machine learning with applications in psychiatry, psychology, social neuroscience and education. Since 2018, he is the coordinator of the ANIMATAS H2020 Marie Sklodowska Curie European Training Network. Since 2019, he is the President of Sorbonne University Ethical Committee. He was involved in several educational activities including organization of summer schools. He is member of the management board of the International AI Doctoral Academy initiated by European networks of AI excellence centers. He is member of the EU Network of Human-Centered AI. He was Program co-chair of ACM ICMI 2020. He is General Chair of VIHAR 2021 and ACM ICMI 2023.


David Cohen

David Cohen, Professor, Sorbonne University, and Head of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Service at Hospital Pitié La Salpêtrière, Paris

Bio. David Cohen is Professor at Sorbonne University and head of the department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at La Salpêtrière hospital in Paris. He is also member of the lab Institut des Systèmes Intelligents et de Robotiques - ISIR (CNRS UMR 7222). His group runs research programs in the field of autism spectrum disorder and learning disabilities, childhood onset schizophrenia, catatonia and severe mood disorder. He supports a developmental and plastic view of child psychopathology, at the level of both understanding and treatment. As a member of ISIR, he is collaborating within the team Perception, Interaction and Social Robotics (see http://speapsl.aphp.fr). He was President of the IACAPAP 2012 congress. He is also Corresponding Member of the French National Academy of Medicine.


Karën Fort

Karën Fort, Associate Professor, Sorbonne University, Paris and Loria, Nancy

Bio. Karën Fort is Associate Professor at Sorbonne Université and does her research at the LORIA laboratory in Nancy. Her primary research interest is manual annotation for natural language processing (NLP), which she extended to crowdsourcing annotation, in particular using Games With A Purpose (GWAPs). She also developped an interest in ethics in NLP and organized the first colloquium on the subject in 2014, in France, followed by a national workshop (ETeRNAL) and a special issue of the TAL journal in 2016. She initiated the ethics and NLP French blog (http://www.ethique-et-tal.org/) as well as the survey on ethics in NLP (Fort & Couillault, 2016). She was co-chair of the first two ethics committees in the field (EMNLP 2020 and NAACL 2021) and is co-chair of the newly created ethics committee of the association for computational linguistics (ACL). She is a member of the Sorbonne IRB.


Monique Morrow

Monique Morrow, Senior Distinguished Architect Emerging Technologies at Syniverse

Bio. With over 25 years’ experience as a global technology leader, Monique Morrow is Senior Distinguished Architect for Emerging Technologies at Syniverse Technologies where her main role and responsibilities is to provide thought leadership and to help the strategic direction and vision for Syniverse's identified emerging technologies across the company, partners and industry forum. Specific focus areas include extensions of Distributed Ledger Technology [DLT] and other emerging components of Blockchain technologies to Syniverse’s Lines of Business and our Enterprise. Emerging technology areas include DLT interoperability; Zero Knowledge Proofs/Data Anonymization, Trust and Identity and Mobile Payments. She has worked across the industry including AMD, Ascom Hasler, Swisscom, Cisco and has been active in the start-up community. Additionally, Monique is President and Co-Founder of the Humanized Internet a Swiss based non-profit with a focus on digital identity, and ethics in technology, an active member of the IEEE Ethics in Action Executive Committee as well as Co-Chair of the IEEE Ethics in Action Extended Reality Committee, Co-Chair of GSMA-Distributed Ledger Technology [DLT] group and also serves as Syniverse’s representative in the World Economic Forum [WEF] Data Policy Council, chairs Hedera’s Decentralized Identity SIG, has been recognized in the industry for her tireless focus on social good. Monique holds over 15 patents and has co-authored several books, was selected as one of the top Digital Shapers 2018 in Switzerland, Forbes Magazine listed Monique Morrow as one of the top 50 women globally in technology, OneWorldIdentity recognized Monique as of the top 100 influencers in identity for 2019. In May 2019, Monique was recognized by Cybersecurity Ventures as one of the top 100 women in Cybersecurity, in March 2020, Monique was one several innovators featured in Red Bull Innovator Magazine, in April 2020, Monique was selected as one of the 5 leading figures in Business by the Europa Forum Lucerne [Switzerland] specific to its theme, “Safety and Security in Times of Uncertainty.” Monique is also 2020 winner WomenTech Network Global Technology Leadership award, has been recognized as one of top 100 Women in Cybersecurity in Europe.


Johanna Seibt

Johanna Seibt, Professor, Aarhus University, Denmark

Bio. Johanna Seibt is professor for philosophy at the Department for Philosophy and the History of Ideas at Aarhus University, Denmark. She is the director of the Research Unit for Robophilosophy and Integrative Social Robotics, where around 30 local and interactional associated researchers from 11 disciplines and 9 countries collaborate on various projects of HRI research, using the approach of “Integrative Social Robotics” (ISR). The ISR-approach is primarily geared to create culturally sustainable ('responsible') social robotics applications but can be extended to other technologies that are designed to operate in the physical and symbolic space of human social interactions (www.robophilosophy.org).



Program:

- General introduction to ethical issues in AI and Human-machine interaction: Raja Chatila (30 min)

- Philosophical perspective and issues in social robots: Johanna Seibt (30 min)

- Ethics in Extended Reality: Monique Morrow (30 min)

- Ethics in Natural Language Processing: Karën Fort (30 min)

- Ethics in robot interaction, and vulnerable persons: Mohamed Chetouani and David Cohen (30 min)

- Final panel and Q&A. (30 min)


Each session will be as much interactive as possible to engage the participants.



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